The Japanese Samurai Sword is usually composed of three parts: the blade, the handle, and the scabbard. The blade is typically made of a high-carbon steel called "tamahagane," which is forged through multiple hammering, folding, and quenching processes to make the blade dense in structure, high in hardness, and good in toughness. The handle is typically made of wood, bone, or horn and wrapped with fish skin and cord. The scabbard is a wooden or leather sheath that is also beautifully decorated.
The Japanese Samurai Sword has many different styles and types, including the katana, wakizashi, naginata, and tachi. The most famous of them is the katana, also known as the "Japanese sword," which is usually between 60-80 cm in length with a single-sided edge. The wakizashi is a small-sized Samurai Sword that is less than 30 cm in length, mainly used for close combat and killing. The naginata is a long-handled weapon with a blade about 2-3 meters long and a wide blade, mainly used for defense or offense on the battlefield. The tachi is a large Samurai Sword that is held with both hands and mainly used for games and performances.
The Japanese Samurai Sword has a long history and cultural background, famous for its exquisite craftsmanship, unique appearance, and elegant artistic style. Today, the Japanese Samurai Sword is not only an important symbol of Japanese culture but also a precious treasure for martial arts enthusiasts and collectors worldwide.