A samurai sword is a type of Japanese long sword that was traditionally used by the samurai class of feudal Japan. Also known as a katana, the samurai sword is characterized by its curved, single-edged blade, circular or squared guard, and long grip that can accommodate two hands. The samurai sword was considered to be one of the most important weapons in the samurai's arsenal and was used both on and off the battlefield. The crafting of samurai swords was an art form in Japan and the swords were often made by specialized swordsmiths using traditional techniques. The samurai sword has become an iconic symbol of Japanese culture and is still highly prized and collected today for its beauty and historical significance.